Since the 1980s there has been a rise in the medical model termed Personalised Medicine.
The idea of personalised medicine suggests that we can follow a medical model designed specifically for us and individualised to suit our daily needs. The rise in personalised medicine, has allowed the development of genetic testing for health. Personalised medicine means that we can now base our diets/medical interventions on our genetic blueprint. Is this possible? If so, does this mean that the key to our health is in our DNA?
In this series of articles we’ll take a look at the use of genetic profiling and the impact on our health, using current scientific research to elaborate on some of the genetic information that you can research online. We will also examine the impact of genetics in sport and how best practices that are being used by some of our top athletes, can be used to help our everyday exercise trends.
Research states that personalised medicine may provide a novel means of addressing health concerns of the patient, by providing them information needed to regain the control of their health. This element of control is crucial for the implementation of the information. Having the control to discuss and evaluate your own health program based on your genetics must be a great feeling. Lianov and Johnson (2010) advocated that the medical industry should be trained Thrive Magazine / Issue 1 – Spring 2014 in lifestyle medicine and consider incorporating influences of the patient’s lifestyle and environment into their care. This is something that the Functional Medical model has been providing since the late 1980s.
Functional Medicine assesses the impact of the environment (environment = diet, lifestyle, exercise program, psychology and climate) and how genetic influences impact the 7 systems that operate within the human body. It looks at how potentially certain aspects of our family upbringing or lifestyle can impact on the detoxification, endocrine or immune and digestive health. You can find more information from www.functionalmedicine.org
So where did it all begin?
In 2000 the draft version of the Human Genome was produced, with the full version being presented in 2003, following decades of research and approximately $3billion investment. It was thought that the scientific community would have an understanding of the origin of disease and that could pave the way towards a brand new medical model, however in 2014 we are only starting to see the emergence of medical research with valid genetic data.
The most recent being the link between the immune system and Alzheimer’s disease with 11 new genetic parings being discovered, following a worldwide study and data being produced by Cardiff University. So personailsed medicine is making some significant breakthroughs but is still very much in it’s infancy.